Things That Can Be Done to Kick-Start the Marijuana Detoxification Process

Detoxing is not an easy process and it actually takes time to achieve. While the body can handle detoxification at its own rate and in time, there are things that can be done to help the body eliminate the chemicals left behind after marijuana use to clear the body complexly.

While there are products that can be used for the process, there are still ways that can be applied to aid the body to naturally detox from marijuana use. This makes the process much shorter.

Sometimes you may be required to take a drug test. There are various situations where this is necessary and it may include job interviews and sometimes participating in things such as championships or games. When you have some time before you are needed to take the test, you may have a chance to get negative results.

The things that can be done include:

Eating the correct food types

Some foods aid marijuana detoxification, making it smoother and faster. There are also foods that may slow down the detox. What you should know is THC is fat-soluble. This means that you should stay away from any fatty foods as they will end up absorbing the chemical and this give it new avenues to enter the bloodstream. Instead of such a diet, concentrate on vegetables and fruits. Make sure that food is nutritious and full of antioxidants to ensure that the body works optimally. The fiber helps in the redirection of the chemicals from the body through excrement. Avoid junk food.

Whole grains and legumes should also be included in the diet as they are amazing for detoxing. Foods that are rich in vitamin niacin like potatoes, tuna and avocados are the best. Niacin flushes out toxins and is good at clearing the system. Also, include foods with vitamin C, magnesium, and potassium. This includes citrus fruits, tomatoes, leafy greens, bananas, melons and tomatoes among others.

Drink

If you want to detox, then you need lots of water for it to be successful. Water is needed when you are flushing the body. This includes the THC metabolites. If you do not have enough water, the movement is limited which is bad. Drinking a lot of water means that you excrete lots of fluids through sweat and urine.

Exercise

You need to be up and about. Exercise as much as you can. This is because of the concept of elimination of fluids. When you work out, you lose a lot of fluid through sweating. You also feel the urge to consume more water, which is very good for the body. The metabolism increases and therefore you burn the fat tissues that store the THC making the cleanse successful. Avoid working out the night before or on the day when you are required to do the test as the THC may be released from the fatty tissues. You can also go to a sauna where you will sweat more without much effort

Three Applications For Custom Cable Manufacturing In The Medical Industry

The medical field has seen numerous changes in both the knowledge of medicine and the tools they use. Part of the changes in the tools they use include custom cable manufacturing being involved. As the name implies, having the ability to customize the types of cables used in medical field has made treatment much more streamlined and efficient, which is greatest benefit to the patient.

It’s strange to think that there was a time when the tools of the medical profession were rudimentary and plain at best. Even knowledge of medicine was lacking. But as with most things, as knowledge and technology improved, so, too, did the way medicine was practiced.

While manufacturers of medical equipment always try to maintain a quality product that does its job well, being contracted to create products for the this field takes on a new sense of importance simply because lives are on the line. Quality control is top-priority, and being able to have machinery function in a certain way makes custom cables vital to have because the materials chosen help in terms of functionality and safety.

So, just where exactly can someone see custom cable manufacturing in action in the medical field? Here are three examples:

Medical Cart Assemblies – Med carts are used all over hospitals, nursing homes, and other medical facilities. They can do everything, but they are also ideal mobile stations for maintaining electronic communication between a patient & their doctor. This mobility is also paramount when ideal settings aren’t readily available, and medical professionals have to go to the scene.

Defibrillators – If you’ve ever known someone who had their heart stop & needed immediate attention, defibrillators are life-savers. It may be one of the few medical tools that a doctor hopes they never have to use, but when the time comes, you need optimum performance. Customized cables in these systems are unique to their function, which means that the right cable manufacturer can help you decide the right type of solution for an application.

Surgical Robotics – Over time, more and more surgeries have taken on a seemingly other-worldly feel as more robotics have made their way into the operating room. Through the use of these precise devices, surgeons are able to get pinpoint accuracy during a procedure. These robotics have also been at the forefront of minimally invasive surgery, which is very welcome by patients. Less invasive procedures require less down-time, which means less time away from work & family.

Custom cable manufacturing is meant to make life easier by allowing the customer to dictate exactly what they need for a given application. Given the amount of stressful situations that can arise by being in the medical field, it is imperative that any machinery benefitting from custom cables do its job & do it well. This, of course, means finding a trusted, well-credentialed manufacturer that takes the time to understand the priorities of its customers, be knowledgeable of the medical industry as a whole, and strives to make a product that outdoes expectations.

Beyond Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy in its simplest definition is the smelling of vapours for health & well-being effects, howsoever gained. This article examines a cross-section of the art and proposes a future course of direction for those professionals not wishing to be tarred with an aromatherapy brush.

Of course the fragrance of a nice perfume will leave you in a better frame of mind than the smell of rotting cadavers. The general intuitive appeal of a nice smell (etc) has launched a blind universal hype on essential oils, the mainstay of aromatherapy. Over the years it has attracted a large following of uncritical persons eager to believe good news. By contrast it has produced research well beyond the scope of aromatherapy.

Much opposition has been levelled against the wild claims that border on or even cross the line of fraud. Where there’s money to be made, there is opportunism. The truth is often the first casualty.

Then there is the medical profession. They are the stalwarts to uphold and defend the medical truth. Unfortunately there is opportunity to denigrate the practice of aromatherapy for motives other than altruism, leaving academia to the rescue. Disappointingly, much academic research is in effect unavailable to the general public as good research papers can be expensive.

Deserved or otherwise, alternative medicines such as Acupuncture, Ayurveda, Chiropractic, Homeopathy, Kinesiology, Light Therapy, Phrenology, etc. have been slow to gain traction in mainstream medicine. Within each field there may be something worthwhile. There is risk of throwing the baby out with bathwater.

Aromatherapy by semantic definition is in lockstep with things smelled, the nose being solely equipped to perceive things smelled. Thus aromatherapy armoury consists solely of essential oils. “Essential” not because we can’t live without them but because essential is merely the adjective from the noun “essence” being a vapour from a liquid at a low boiling point.

This semantic deception taken together with people such as those involved in routinely claiming these potions to cure things like ADHD, arthritis, high cholesterol, lupus, asthma, migraines, cancer, fibromyalgia confuses even more. It is there, on offer, all without the rigours of scientific validation. Long Live The Placebo!

Then there are the others making ambiguous claims that leave lots of wiggleroom such as “cleanses air of negative energies”, “restoring harmony and balance between the mind and body”, “restore psychic energy flow”, “return to one’s centre and chakra”. These and more have become aromatherapy’s articles of faith in some circles. Most are seen as nonsense to the mind versed in scientific methods.

Contrast these with Moss et al in the peer-reviewed paper “Aromas Of Rosemary And Lavender Essential Oils Differentially Affect Cognition And Mood In Healthy Adults” where they showed the efficacy of Lavender and Rosemary oils. 144 persons took part in the study and no one was informed of the study nature. Before and after inhalation tests included 15 words to be flashed on a screen for 1 second and participants were asked to remember as many words as they could in the space of 60 seconds. More tests were done using 20 photographs enabling researchers to test recall and reaction time.

Nominal recall improved from 5.5 for the control group to 6.2 for the Rosemary and showed little change for the Lavender. Nominal reaction time improved from a score of 246 for the control group to 259 for the Lavender. Little change was reported for the Rosemary tests. They concluded that essential oils can significantly affect aspects of cognitive performance.

Worth considering is a paper by Sayorwan et al, who, using electroencephalography (EEG), measured the changes in blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate before and after Rosemary oil inhalation by uniformed groups of subjects and controls. Their findings provided evidence that brain wave activities, autonomic nervous system responses, and mood states could all be modified with Rosemary oil inhalation.

Aromas may well have a placebo effect and as such it is a good thing. However it is not the smell that gives essential oils their efficacy but the compounds that comprise the oils. Compounds such as Eugenol, Carvacrol, Thymol, Geraniol, and Menthol appear to stimulate while Linalool appears to calm or relax. Then there is Eugenol, a very powerful antioxidant as well. These compounds can enter the bloodstream via the olfactory system and the lungs through breathing. The bloodstream can also be fed via the skin by massage and contact patches. Other possible routes are ingestion and intravenous injections. The latter are subject to much more research than currently appears in the literature.

In conclusion, the subject of essential oils is therefore a much wider field, rich with potential discovery. Thus it is important that practitioners who prescribe the use of essential oils in their practice divest themselves of any stigma that has grown around aromatherapy. A whole new name for their practice would help to distance themselves from any hint of quackery and dogma.

The general public may well be sceptical as a result of conflicting opinions. The misnomer “essential” does not help. Volatile Oil Therapy (VOT) as a name may engender some trust especially if the practitioners of VOT confine themselves to proven effects.

After about 5 years of buying women’s wear from China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh and Indonesia we found a need to ensure supply is according to the following:
• No child labour
• No Azo dyes that cause cancer
• No harsh processing chemicals that hurt the environment.
• Fabric from renewable sources
• Natural fire retardant fabric

We went a little further, and asked ourselves the question:
What can we add to our range of clothing that enhances wellness in the wearer?
We came up with some surprising answers. Watch this space.

The Role Of The Brain In Addiction

Technology has its mighty hand over every field in the world now. And since the base of technology is science, so how could medical sector not undergo changes! Neuroscience has always been an area of immense complexities and curiosities. Advances in this sector has allowed doctors to dig deeper into the brain and even study minutest of changes that happen due to substance intake.

When we talk about addiction as a brain disease, the reward system of the brain plays a very important role.

Physiologically, limbic system is the brain’s reward system. Mesolimbic and mesocortical pathways (Mid-brain) have our cognitive control and functions which would be both reward related and aversion related. Reward related functions are always stronger and more motivating than aversion, hence drug abuse behavior is stronger in addicts. The reward system connects certain structures in such a way that they generate the feeling of pleasure for certain behaviors or stimulus given to the body. In day-to-day life, it is activated by healthy, life-sustaining activities like eating and socializing. But ‘Drug Abuse’ is another behavior that generates euphoria, which is enjoyed by the mind. And human nature is to repeat those actions that give us some definite satisfaction. The limbic system does more than just giving a reward response. For any behavior to be reinforced, it has to be first registered as pleasant to the mind and body. Limbic system in the brain recognizes our positive and negative emotions, which very well explains, how our body and mind get dependent on any psychoactive mood altering substance.

However, with recent developments, neurobiology has been able to study how addiction is related to the brain. Researchers and scientists studied the brain’s reaction to different substances and discovered that drug abuse actually alters the chemical makeup of the brain, which is what causes addiction and they named it as a ‘Brain Disease.’

Since the brain is placed as the epicenter of human activity, it is the initiation point of every phenomenon that occurs. Whatever we feel, experience or think, all is first registered by the brain and within lesser than nanoseconds, it commands us to act. It communicates through neurons, neurotransmitters, receptors and transporters. Yes, it is very complicated and sounds mystical too (specially to people like me who have not studied biology after high school)

How do Drugs Affect the Brain?
Psychoactive substances interrupt with the communication systems of the brain. They interfere with the way a message is transmitted and sent to its defined destination. No matter how much people say that cannabis would not be called a drug, it is a plant, but the reality remains unchanged, which is, that everything has certain chemical composition. For example, Heroin and Marijuana’s chemical structure are like copies of a natural neurotransmitter. Amphetamines mimic catecholamine neurotransmitters, causing general physiological changes which prepare the body for physical activity and fight-or-flight response. So, the moment the body is intoxicated with a drug containing amphetamines or its derivatives, it starts reacting in unnatural ways by raising blood pressure, increased alertness resulting in sleeplessness, blood glucose levels. They can easily activate neurons, giving various directions to the body to react in a different way, than would a natural neurotransmitter would! Cocaine can make a person delirious, because it releases natural neurotransmitters in bulk and blocks the natural recycling process of neurotransmitters by the brain. Amphetamine causes drug tolerance very quickly and rapidly too.

Chronic addictive drug use causes alterations in the process by which information from a gene is used to synthesize a gene product- RNA or Protein. Nigrostriatal Pathway is a dopaminergic pathway that plays an extensive and unavoidable role in addiction. It comprises of Transcription Factor, which is a protein that controls what all information has to go from the DNA to the messenger RNA. Psychoactive substances block, many of the neural and behavioral alterations that are to be taken to the RNA. Altered dopamine transmission is the first thing that comes to notice in cases of drug abuse.

These have been many studies extensively done by medical science researchers on addiction. There is a wide range of chemicals that people use to reach a euphoric state. But the gist of it all is, that they play with the normal functioning of brain by altering the natural chemicals that ought to be there.

Three Important Things to Know About Radicava

The ALS Association is the largest charity for people with Lou Gehrig’s disease in the United States. Not only do they provide excellent patient provision through care takers and support groups, they are also the leading fundraiser for new research when it comes to ALS treatment and a possible cure. During the summer of 2014, the ALS Association’s Ice Bucket Challenge went viral online and raised over 100 million dollars. This was the largest amount of donations the fundraisers at ALS had ever seen. They were ecstatic! This boost in funding led to the research and development of three new treatments for Lou Gehrig’s disease, one being Radicava, which will likely be available August of this year. Here’s what you need to know:

Radicava slows the progress of ALS by reducing oxidative stress in the body. ALS is essentially a slow reduction in the body’s ability to function overall. This eventually leads to the shutdown of vital organs within the body. One of the first signs of ALS is the presence of oxidative stress, which is an imbalance between the presence of toxins in the body and the immune system’s ability to detoxify. These effects will first manifest themselves as a general slowing of autoimmune abilities followed by the more sinister effects of ALS, such as major organ failure. Radicava offers a time out to these unfortunate realities. The new medication has been shown to slow oxidative stress, and most patients see a 33% reduction in the decline of their physical abilities. Additionally, all Radicava test patients had higher scores on the ALS Functional Rating Scale.

First new medicine in 22 years. Because the origins of ALS are still largely misunderstood, it is incredibly difficult to approve and test new medications. Since the mid nineteenth century, our knowledge of what causes ALS has not kept up with other medical advancements. Because of this, it is incredibly difficult to find funding for new treatments when legislatures do not understand the medicinal premise. The first and last drug to be approved for treatment of ALS was Riluzole, which slowed lung failure. Unfortunately, the relatively small benefit offered to ALS patients compared to its astronomical costs essentially relegated Riluzole to pipe dream status. The mystery surrounding its origins combined with a lack of funding lead to a two decade ASL treatment dry spell. However, after the 2014 Ice Bucket Challenge, three new medications were presented to the FDA for approval. The first to reach the pharmaceutical market will be Radicava in August!

Administered by infusion. At this point you’re probably wondering how Radicava will be administered to patients. Is it overly intrusive or painful? Will it even be worth it? For those who participated in the testing of the drug, Radicava absolutely is. The treatment is administered intravenously over a fourteen day period, followed by a fourteen day rest. After the initial treatment, patients will receive injections for ten out of every fourteen days. While this is a time-consuming treatment, this is the first ASL medication with legitimate promise for, not only extending the lives of those with Lou Gehrig’s disease, but also improving their quality of life!

After so many years of failed treatments and questions surrounding the origins of ALS, Radicava’s approval is a beacon of hope for patients and their loved ones.

United Access is so excited to partner with the ALS Association in order to raise awareness and helping improve the lives of people who have been diagnosed with Lou Gehrig’s disease. If you have questions about Radicava or are in need of resources for a loved one with ALS, visit your local ALS Association chapter for more information!

A Healthy Dose of Medicine for the Soul

A large segment of the human population takes things way too seriously for their own good. The strange anomaly is that most people laugh at the wrong thing and fail to laugh at the right thing. This serious incongruity has robbed people of a healthy attitude towards life in general.

Those who take life too seriously are in danger of missing the great joys of living in a crazy world like ours. I am not sure about the scientific research but I would guess that for every sad moment it takes one hundred laughs to balance the books. Some people are about ninety-nine laughs short of a real sane moment.

I like the old English proverb that says, “Laugh and the whole world laughs with you, cry and you cry alone.”

From my perspective, if you cannot laugh with someone you will not be able to cry with him or her and have it mean anything.

According to some medical advice, it takes more facial muscles and energy to frown than it does to smile. Of course, the only exercise some people have is frowning and who am I to take that away from them.

I am determined, no matter what, to exercise my right to smile and laugh and enjoy the world around me. I must confess that I get this attitude quite honestly.

My paternal grandfather was a Past Master in the area of practical jokes. No amount of time was too much to spend preparing for one of his famous practical jokes. His favorite holiday was April 1 and began preparing for this holiday right after Christmas.

The fact that his practical jokes at times got him into trouble did not seem to affect him at all.

Once while in the hospital for an extended period he had somebody smuggle in to him a can of snuff. For some reason he liked chewing snuff. It is the most disgusting habit I know of on earth.

He no sooner received his smuggled goods then he began chewing it. If you know anything about chewing snuff, you know it is accompanied by a lot of spitting. As usual, his timing was impeccable. Just as the head nurse passed his door and looked in, he leaned over and spit in to the garbage can he had next to his bed. The nurse, not knowing about the chewing snuff, thought he was spitting blood and immediately went into emergency mode. Immediately my grandfather was rushed into the operating room and the surgeon and medical team were assembled.

My grandfather was very sick at the time. Some did not think he would get out of the hospital.

Just as they got him situated in the operating room he pulled from under his sheet his can of chewing snuff and smiled at them. The only person in the room that thought this was in any way amusing was my grandfather. The doctors were so angry with him that they refused to see him for three days and confiscated his can of chewing snuff.

My aunt and uncle lived right next to my grandfather. My aunt was hyper clean when it came to her house. Dirt in any form was not welcome under her roof. She had a broom that was always within reach because she never knew when a piece of dirt would try to invade her domicile.

That year my grandfather found something new. I am not sure where he found it but he probably spent a lot of time looking for something like this. It was a rubber facsimile of a very nasty looking piece of vomit. To him it was a prized possession.

Most of his practical jokes were executed on April 1. Whenever we saw grandfather coming on this particular day we usually ran for cover.

He went over to visit my aunt and was sitting on the couch in the living room. They chatted for a little while and then my grandfather began to cough a little bit. He said to my aunt, “I haven’t been feeling good lately. I really don’t know what it is.” Then he started to cough a little more seriously, to which, my aunt got up and went to the kitchen to get him a glass of water thinking that might help him.

When she got back, she was shocked to see on her new coffee table a very horrible sight. My grandfather was bent over the coffee table hacking and coughing as though he was in the process of dying. On the coffee table was a very nasty looking piece of vomit.

My aunt went into hysterics. She whirled around and within a moment had grabbed her broom and started towards my grandfather. My grandfather was laughing but not for long.

Suddenly he realized that the flailing broom in my aunt’s hand was aimed at him. She chased him out of the house, down the driveway and for at least three blocks yelling obscenities at him that I dare not repeat in public society.

Hernia Treatment Without Surgery Is Becoming Widespread

Generally, hernia requires surgery. But, these days, hernia treatment without surgery is becoming widespread. Yoga hernia exercises are useful for hernia treatment without surgery because it is found that over 30% hernia surgery patients end up with pain and discomfort afterwards. Inserting a foreign net can cause complications later in your 30 to 40 years of post-operation life. Instead of immediate surgery, you can try out gentle yogic stretching in static and dynamic form. This is good for gradually strengthening weak abdominal muscles as it supplies abundant amount of oxygenated blood that nourishes, activates, tones and strengthens. This in turn improves muscle tensile strength which prevent displacement of internal organs. Exercising as a solution for hernia will also safeguard that the hernia does not recur in adjacent area.

You can ask a physical therapist for guidance on exercises that fit your unique condition as patient education & training are key factors in the overall process of physiotherapy treatment. Hernia treatment without surgery will need 1 to 3 months of committed effort and patience to heal.

Piles
Piles are usually inflamed and swollen collections of tissue in the anal area. They can be of any sizes and may be internal or external. Piles are usually caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum. The blood vessels around the anus and in the rectum generally stretch under pressure and may swell, thus forming piles. The symptoms of piles are:
• Hard stool and constipation,
• Diarrhea and frequent bowel movements.

Doctors usually diagnose piles after carrying out some physical examinations like digital rectal examination or colonoscopy.

In most cases, piles dissolve on their own without the need for any treatment. But, some piles become severe. Read on to discover some piles treatment that will help significantly to reduce the discomfort and itching.

1. Diet – Diet change is a must to keep the stools regular and soft. This means you need to eat more fiber, such as fruit and vegetables or bran-based breakfast cereals. You should increase water consumption.
2. Body weight – Exercising and losing weight help in reducing the severity of piles.
3. Medicines – Over-the-counter medicines like painkillers, ointments, creams, and pads help to soothe redness and swelling around the anus. Corticosteroids medicines can reduce inflammation and pain. Laxatives are prescribed if a person with piles suffers from constipation.
4. Surgery – An elastic band is placed around the base of the pile, cutting off its blood supply. In sclerotherapy, medicine is injected to make the hemorrhoid shrink. Infrared coagulation is a device that is used to burn the hemorrhoid tissue. The excess tissue that is causing the bleeding can be surgically removed. Hemorrhoid stapling is done to block the blood flow to the hemorrhoid tissue. Laser surgery is the latest technique for treating piles.

So, multispecialty hospitals have well known doctors for piles treatment where you can get yourself completely cured.

Dangers of Stimulant Abuse

Stimulants or psychoactive substances, including illicit drugs such as cocaine or crack (variant of cocaine) and methamphetamine, as well as legal medications to manage ADHD disorders such as Adderall and Ritalin, produce a state of increased alertness. Some common party drugs such as ecstasy, benzylpiperazine (BZP) and methylone also come in the category of stimulants. The means a user adopts for administering the drug is responsible for intensifying the euphoric effects and increasing the risk of addiction. A person who injects or smokes the drug is more likely to experience its adverse effects within a short span of time as it causes the drug to reach the brain sooner. Users are also more liable to become victims of abuse and dependence.

Abuse of stimulants is a cause of concern. According to a recent survey by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), nearly 1.7 million people 12 or older were current misusers of stimulants equivalent to 0.6 percent of this population. Further, 92,000 youths aged 12 to 17 were current misusers of stimulants, or 0.4 percent of adolescents. Around 767,000 young adults aged 18 to 25 were reported to have misused stimulants in the past month, corresponding to nearly 2.2 percent of the total population belonging to the same age group.

After a lull, cocaine abuse is on the rise again. According to SAMHSA, the number of people trying cocaine in 2011 was 670,000. The number dropped to 601,000 in 2013. However, by 2015 it had risen to 968,000. The latest survey reveals that approximately, 1.9 million people aged 12 or older were current users of cocaine, including about 432,000 current users of crack.

Physiological and psychological health problems

The brain gets accustomed to stimulants with recurrent use and craves for more to get the desired high. A user may become tolerant within a few weeks. Listed below are some of the dangers of stimulant abuse:

Physiological health problems: Some of the complications associated with stimulant use are cardiovascular damage, increased blood pressure and changes in heart rhythm. It can also cause seizures, breathing difficulties and loss of muscle control. Individuals who use an injectable to get the high have an increased risk of contracting diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis B, C and D. Long-term abuse can also be fatal.

Poor judgement and other psychological impairments: Stimulant abuse is associated with poor judgment and decision-making abilities. As per a 2013 study, cocaine can rewire changes in the brain in a way that the drug dominates the decision-making process. Mundane tasks have less power to activate the brain’s decision-making centers. Those using drugs risk everything from job and money to family and relationships. They are not even afraid of getting into criminal activities as they cannot think practically. Apart from a poor sense of judgement, stimulant abuse is also responsible for causing psychological problems such as paranoia, delusions, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Psychosocial problems and increased risk of incarceration: A person who is addicted to drugs fails to attend to family and friends, and has a diminishing social circle. The risk of incarceration is also high as he or she may resort to unfair means such as robbery to get the supply of drugs. Abusing drugs can transform someone from a responsible human being into a wastrel.

Dangerous if taken without medical prescription: Teens, who misuse drugs such as Adderall and Ritalin, commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may soon get addicted to it. While initially ADHD meds cause a feeling of euphoria, the effect wears off after a couple of hours. Thereafter, the child feels sleepy and confused but finds it difficult to fall asleep. This disturbs the body’s sleep-wake cycle and is harmful in the long run. Prolonged use of one stimulant also increases the risk of a person turning to harder drugs.

Aseptic Processing

If you go back in time, hygienic practices weren’t even heard of let alone carried out. Medicines were made primarily of plants and whatever else was on hand and even, during the Victorian period when pharmaceuticals became more main stream, they weren’t very worried about how sterile the compounds were.

Today of course, pharmaceuticals are big business and having a product delivered to a patient sterile and ready to go is the norm. We’re talking eye drops, ear drops, injectables, infusion products and the like, all things that have to remain sterile until ready to use.

By definition, something that is sterile has the absence of any viable microorganism, and the specification is unchanging and independent of the manufacturing process of the drug in the first place. To make a sterile product then, means filling and sealing the product containers under high quality environmental conditions, with care and with the same practices in place day after day.

When you are talking foods, beverages and medicines, keeping them sterile is a process called aseptic processing. This means that the sterile product is packaged in such a way as to keep its sterile rating. It is accomplished by flash heating which uses less energy than other techniques while (in the case of food) retains more nutrients. When you are talking pharmaceuticals, the ante is upped and the procedure also includes the use of clean rooms, bacteria retaining filters, and either dry or steam heat.

Some examples of food and drinks being in a sterile container include tetra juice boxes and drink pouches, but for medicines, they are stored in plastic or glass containers as these materials form a tight seal against microbiological organisms, contaminants, and degradation of the substance being carried. Using aseptic processing means you no longer need refrigeration and it makes worldwide import and export safe and economical.

Aseptic containers range in size from tiny ones that hold just a few ounces of medicine to ones that can hold eight million gallons in a tank on an ocean liner. Companies that package these medicines and the like can then send their product all over the world, knowing that once it reaches its destination, it is still a viable, sterilized product and will remain that way until it is used for a patient.

The next time you have a prescription for eye drops or have medicines administered by injection or drip, you can be sure those medicines are sterile, all thanks for aseptic processing.

Healthcare Systems and Their Structure

Constantly under review and scrutiny, the issues on healthcare Systems have become international.

Made up mainly of organizations and individuals, these healthcare structural systems are designed to meet a target population’s need for health care. On an international level, there is a diverse variety of health care systems. In some countries the planning of the health care systems are market driven and participated in by the private sector. In other countries the systems are composed of government and non-government entities such as religious groups, trade unions charities and or other coordinative bodies that are centrally run and planned, to enable the delivery of healthcare services to the populations they target. In other words, health care planning has evolved.

According to a World Health Organization report in 2000, the main goals of health systems are the ability to provide a responsive health service alongside considerations of fair financial contributions. In order to appraise overall health care systems, a proposed two-dimensional approach was conceived. The first dimension consists of equity and the second is composed of efficiency, quality and acceptability.

Several proposals have come from the Senate in the United States and the White House. Health care system issues according to President Obama are issues that should be addressed immediately and placed them on a top priority list. A universal health care system does not exist or is practiced in the United States. Some countries subsidize their universal healthcare directly from government coffers. This kind of universal healthcare is called socialized medicine, which is a combination of private and public delivery systems, with most countries spending public funds for this service delivery. Government taxes plays the role of funding this system supplemented and strengthened with private payments.

The World Health Organization (WHO) report of 2000 ranks each member country’s health care system. Discussions on the positive and negative aspects of replacing health care systems with insurance systems use this report’s quotation. However, the WHO has remarked that as ranking healthcare systems is a complex task, these ranking tables will no longer be produced. Infant mortality and life expectancy are two main variables that are used in the ranking. Out of 198 countries, Canada ranks thirtieth and the US ranks thirty seventh. The World Health Organization ranks France, San Marino, Italy, Andorra, Singapore, Malta, Spain, Austria, Oman and Japan as the world’s top ten.

With the founding of the UN (United Nations), there was planning and discussion on the need for a single entity to serve, observe and assess global health care system trends. Thus the World Health Organization was formed in 1948 on April 7th with headquarters based in Geneva, Switzerland. Annually the WHO is recognized by the celebration of a World Health Day. The WHO is the coordinative and directive authority for United Nations’ member countries individual health systems. Member countries of the United Nations are allowed WHO membership through the acceptance of the WHO constitution. To date there are a total of 198 member nations participating in WHO programs.